About Vanuatu

Vanuatu is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of more than 80 islands, with the two largest, Espiritu Santo and Efate, home to most of the population. The archipelago contains a total land area of approximately 12,000 square kilometres. The capital city is Port Vila, located on the island of Efate.

Vanuatu is a beautiful country known for its sandy beaches, coral reefs, lush tropical forests and active volcanoes. The country is also known for its traditional music, dance, and handicrafts.

In recent years, Vanuatu has become a popular tourist destination, especially for scuba diving, snorkelling, and hiking. The clear waters around the islands offer visitors the chance to see a variety of colourful fish and corals. Vanuatu is a great place to visit if you are looking for an island getaway.

The people of Vanuatu are warm and hospitable, and the culture is very diverse. Several different languages are spoken in Vanuatu, including English, French, and Bislama.

Talking about the government, Vanuatu is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary democracy. The head of state is the President, who is elected by the Parliament. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is appointed by the President. Vanuatu is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and the Pacific Islands Forum.

About Vanuatu

Quick Facts

Here are some quick facts you should know before relocating to Vanuatu to understand the country better.


323,485 (2022)








Vanuatu Vatu (VUV)




Right-hand side


Christians (93.39%)
Ethnic religionists (4.55%)
Baha'is (1.36%)
Buddhists (0.20%)
Muslims (0.04%)
New religionists (0.05%)
Non-Religious (0.41%)

Geographical Location & History

Geographical Location & History

Vanuatu is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of 82 islands and has a total land area of approximately 12,000 square kilometres, making it one of the smallest countries in the world. The country is located northeast of Australia, northwest of New Zealand, and southeast of Fiji. Vanuatu is a popular tourist destination due to its natural beauty, tropical climate, and friendly people. The climate is tropical, with an average temperature of 27 degrees Celsius. The majority of the population is of Melanesian ethnicity, and the official languages are English, French, and Bislama. The population of Vanuatu is approximately 323,000 (2022). Most of the people are Christian. Vanuatu is a sovereign state and a member of the United Nations. The currency is the Vanuatu vatu.

The country has a rich culture and history. The first people to settle in Vanuatu were the Lapita people, who arrived from Samoa and Tonga around 3,500 years ago. Since then, the country has inhabited several different cultures, including the Polynesians, Micronesians, Melanesians, Chinese, and Europeans. In 1980, Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom.

Top Cities

Port Vila

Port Vila is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu and is located on the island of Efate. The city is the main financial and economic centre of Vanuatu. Port Vila is a bustling city with a population of over 100,000 people.

The city is situated on a bay and is surrounded by mountains. It has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons - a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October.

It is a melting pot of cultures, with people from all over the world living and working here. Moreover, you can also find several businesses and industries, as well as a number of tourist attractions.

Port Vila is a popular tourist destination due to its beautiful beaches, rainforests, and coral reefs. The city is also a popular port of call for cruise ships. Port Vila is a culturally diverse city with a mix of Ni-Vanuatu, French, and Chinese influences. The city has a number of museums and galleries, as well as a vibrant nightlife scene. It is also home to many historical sites. A few of the well-known touring spots are given below:

  • Vanuatu Cultural Centre
  • Museum of Colonial History

If you\'re planning a trip to Port Vila, read this guide to learn more about the city and what it has to offer.


Luganville is the second-largest city in the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu. It is located on the island of Espiritu Santo, the largest island in Vanuatu. Luganville is the primary port for the island and the main base of operations for the Vanuatu national football team. The city has a population of about 13,000 people.

Luganville was originally settled by the French in the 19th century. The city was used as a base during World War II by both the Allies and the Japanese. After the war, the city became a part of the British Empire. It remained a part of the British Empire until it gained independence in 1980.

The climate is tropical, and Luganville experiences two seasons- wet and dry seasons. The wet season lasts from November to April, and the dry season lasts from May to October. The city is also home to a number of historical sites, including the WWII-era Million Dollar Point.

Luganville has multiple schools throughout town, including primary schools, secondary schools, and a technical college. Education is free for all ni-Vanuatu citizens up to grade 10 (age 16). After grade 10, students must pay for their education to continue studying.

There is a hospital located in Luganville that provides free healthcare to all ni-Vanuatu citizens. The hospital has 50 beds and provides both outpatient and inpatient care. There are also several health clinics located throughout town that offer different services, such as dental care, optical care, etc.


Norsup is the capital of the Vanuatu island province of Malakula. It is located on the north coast of the island, on a sheltered bay. The town has a population of about 4,000 people and is the economic and administrative centre of the island. Norsup is a relatively young town, having been founded in the 1920s. It was originally settled by people from the nearby island of Malakula. However, the town has grown to include people from all over Vanuatu.

Norsup is a beautiful town with a lot to offer visitors. From its stunning beaches to its vibrant culture, there is something for everyone in Norsup.

The town has some museums which document its history and culture, including the Father Walter Lini Museum and the Santo North Coast Museum.

There are also several historical sites, such as Chief Roimata\'s grave and Chief Resolution\'s house.

If you\'re interested in learning about traditional Ni-Vanuatu culture, there are different cultural centres and dance troupes which perform regularly. The Tannese cultural centre is an excellent place to start.


Located on the north coast of Espiritu Santo, Port-Olry is the main port and town of the Sanma island in Vanuatu. The town is home to a population of around 6,000 people and is the gateway to the province\'s many natural attractions. It is the capital of the Santo Province, consisting of all of Espiritu Santo and the neighbouring Malakula, Paama, and Pentecost islands.

Port-Olry is a popular tourist destination due to its beautiful beaches, colourful coral reefs and lush rainforests. The town is also situated on the doorstep of some of Vanuatu\'s most popular dive sites. The climate of Port-Olry is tropical, with an average temperature of 29 degrees Celsius. The rainy season runs from November to April and the dry season from May to October.

Moreover, this beautiful place is home to many businesses and organisations, including the Port-Olry Lodge, the Port-Olry Tourism Office, and the Port-Olry Conservation Society. Here, you can also find popular destinations for scuba diving, snorkelling, and other water sports.

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Vanuatu comprises 83 islands spread out over an area of 1,300 kilometres. It makes getting around the country quite challenging, as there are no direct flights between the islands.


There are various ways to travel between the islands of Vanuatu, including by boat, plane, and helicopter. The most common form of transportation is by boat, and there are regular ferry services between the islands. Planes and helicopters are also used for transportation, and several airstrips and helipads are located around the country.

With such a dispersed population, transportation plays a vital role in Vanuatu. It's not only essential for getting tourists from one island to another but also crucial for locals who need to travel for work or to access essential services.

Transportation is also one of the most important aspects of Vanuatu's economy. The country's remote location means that many goods and services must be imported, which requires a well-developed transportation infrastructure. The Ministry of Infrastructure and Public Utilities is responsible for maintaining and developing the country's transportation network.

The government is currently working on different projects to improve transportation in Vanuatu. These include expanding the Port of Port Vila and upgrading the runway at Bauerfield International Airport.

Getting a Driving License

The process of getting a driving license in Vanuatu is pretty straightforward. However, it is important to note that you must be at least 18 years old to apply for a license. Additionally, you will need to pass written and practical driving tests to be issued a license.

All you need to do is follow the steps outlined below:

  1. Get a Learner's Permit
  2. Take the Driving Theory Test
  3. Take the Practical Driving Test
  4. Apply for a Full License

Once you have completed all the above steps, you will be issued a full driving license to drive anywhere in Vanuatu.

Basic Vanuatu Driving Rules

18 years


Right Hand


In Vanuatu, speed limits range from 50km/h
in urban areas to 80km/h in rural areas.

Public Transport
Public Transport

You can find a small number of taxis in the country, but due to its small areas of islands, the ferry service is the main source of transportation that runs between the islands.

Rental car services are also available on different islands of Vanuatu, but they are not a very common means of public transport. Public transport in Vanuatu is limited to a few bus routes on the main island of Efate. There are no trains or metros; the only other form of transport is by boat or plane. However, the bus system is reliable and affordable, and it is the best way to get around if you are not planning to rent a car.

The bus system in Vanuatu is operated by a company called Vanuatu Bus. There are three main bus routes in Vanuatu, and they are all run by Vanuatu Bus. The first route is between the capital city of Port Vila and the second-largest city, Luganville. The second route is between Port Vila and the third-largest city, Santo. The third route is between Port Vila and the fourth-largest city, Espiritu.

Vanuatu\'s public transport system is reliable and efficient and is a great way to get around the country.

Personal Finances

Opening a Bank Account

If you are considering moving to Vanuatu, knowing the cost of living and your personal finance options is important.

Personal finances in Vanuatu are subject to the same principles as in any other country. You must ensure a good income and manage your expenses carefully. There are a few basic things to keep in mind when it comes to personal finance in Vanuatu.

First, it is important to have a good income. It will allow you to cover your basic expenses and also have some money left over for savings and investments. There are several ways to generate a good income in Vanuatu, including finding a well-paying job or starting a business.

Second, you will need to manage your expenses carefully. There are many ways to save money in Vanuatu, such as by cooking at home or using public transportation. You will also need to be mindful of your spending in general and only purchase what you need.

You can also find several financial institutions in Vanuatu that can help you with your personal finances, whether you are looking to open a bank account, get a loan, or invest your money.

Opening a Bank Account

If you're thinking of moving to Vanuatu, one of the first things you'll need to do is open a bank account. This process is relatively straightforward, but there are a few things you'll need to keep in mind. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about opening a bank account in Vanuatu.

When opening a bank account in Vanuatu, you'll need to provide personal information, such as your name, address, and date of birth. You'll also need proof of identity, such as a passport or driver's license. Once you have all the required documentation, you can open an account at any major bank in Vanuatu.

Once you have a bank account, you'll be able to use it to manage your finances and make payments.

Some major banks in Vanuatu are given below:

  • ANZ BANK Vanuatu
  • National Bank Of Vanuatu (NBV)
  • Wanfuteng Bank
  • Reserve Bank Of Vanuatu
  • Pacific Private Bank
  • Vanuatu Investment Bank

Setting Up Accommodation

When looking for accommodation in Vanuatu, there are a few things to keep in mind:

  1. Decide what type of accommodation you want. Many different types of accommodation are available, from hotels and resorts to guesthouses and homestays.
  2. Consider your budget. Accommodation in Vanuatu can be quite expensive, so it's important to know how much you can afford.
  3. Think about your location. For example, if you want to be close to the beach, you'll need to choose accommodation accordingly.

Once you've considered these factors, you can start looking for accommodation in Vanuatu. Many websites offer accommodation listings, so it's easy to find something that suits your needs.

Temporary Residence

There are many options for accommodation in Vanuatu, whether you are looking for a short-term or long-term stay. There are a variety of hotels, guesthouses, and apartments available, as well as more traditional options such as homestays and bungalows.

When choosing accommodation in Vanuatu, it is important to consider your budget and your reason for travel. If you are travelling for business, you may want to choose a more luxurious option, whereas if you are travelling for leisure, you may want to choose a more relaxed option.

Whatever your budget and reason for travel, there is sure to be an accommodation option in Vanuatu that is perfect for you.

Permanent Residence

One of the first things you'll need to do is research the types of permanent residency visas available. There are a few different options, so it's essential to find the one that best suits your needs. Keep in mind that you have to become a citizen of the country in order to get permanent residence here. To know more about getting Vanuatu Citizenship, click here.

Once you've done that, you'll need to gather the necessary documentation and submit an application. Finding permanent residence in Vanuatu can be a bit overwhelming, but if you take it one step at a time, you'll live in this beautiful country for years to come.

In addition to the information provided above, it's also worth noting that finding permanent residence in Vanuatu can vary depending on your nationality. If you're a citizen of Australia or New Zealand, you may be eligible for the Pacific Access Category visa. This visa allows eligible citizens to live and work in Vanuatu without needing a work permit.

For citizens of other countries, finding permanent residence in Vanuatu can be more complicated. However, many different visas may be available, so it's important to do your research to find the one that best suits your needs.

Regardless of your nationality, the process of finding permanent residence in Vanuatu can be a long and complicated one. However, if you take the time to research your options and gather the necessary documentation, you'll be on your way to making Vanuatu your permanent home.

Health Service

The Ministry of Health provides health services in Vanuatu. The ministry is responsible for providing medical care, health promotion, and disease prevention. The ministry is also responsible for the regulation of health care providers and the development of health policy.

The health service in Vanuatu is free at the point of delivery. However, there are some charges for services such as dental care, optical care, and laboratory services. There is also a charge for prescriptions.

The health service in Vanuatu is delivered through a network of health centres and hospitals. The largest hospital in Vanuatu is the Port Vila Central Hospital. This hospital provides various medical services, including emergency care, surgery, and maternity. There are also some smaller hospitals and health centres located on the islands of Vanuatu.


The Republic of Vanuatu is a young country, only gaining independence in 1980. However, in the short time since then, the country has made great strides in education. Today, Vanuatu boasts a literate population and a well-educated workforce.

Vanuatu's development is largely due to its commitment to education. The government has prioritised education, investing heavily in infrastructure and resources. As a result, Primary education is free and compulsory for all children between 6 and 14. Secondary education is also free but not compulsory.

Higher education is also available in Vanuatu, with many universities and colleges offering courses in various fields. Students from Vanuatu also have the opportunity to study abroad, with many pursuing successful careers in various fields.


Now that you know everything you need to consider before moving to Vanuatu, you can start making your plans. Keep in mind the climate, the cost of living, and the available amenities as you decide whether or not Vanuatu is the right place for you.

The country is prone to natural disasters, so it's important to have a plan in case of an emergency. The cost of living is high, so expats should budget accordingly. Finally, Vanuatu is culturally diverse, so be respectful of local customs and traditions. With its beautiful beaches and friendly people, Vanuatu is a great place to call home.

Apply for Vanuatu Citizenship

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Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, you can include qualified members of your family in the application or add them after you have obtained your citizenship for an additional fee. A qualified family member can be a child not older than 25 years, a spouse, and parents and in-laws older than 50 which are financially dependent on the main applicant.

You are not required to visit Vanuatu before or after obtaining your citizenship, you are, however, welcome to visit and explore the country.

Yes, the passport of Vanuatu is now a biometric passport, also known as an ePassport.

The new biometric passport of Vanuatu has 32 pages.

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